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Xiangyang - Friend City

Xiangyang - Friend City
Signing a contract: 18 March 2015 - Letter of Intent
Population: 5 500 307 - prefecture

Xiangyang is a prefecture-level city in Hubei province, central China. It is one of the oldest Chinese cities. During the reign of Han Dynasty it was a county-level city and since the 12th century the city has been the capital of prefecture. In the 13th century Xiangyang was an important stronghold in the border area between the Southern Song and the Jurchens and, later, the Mongols. In 1950 Xinagyang was merged with the neighbouring city of Fancheng and changed its name into Xiangfan. The original name, i.e. Xiangyang, was restored on December 2, 2010. The city is now the second largest one in the province, just after its capital, i.e. the city of Wuhan. Xiangyang is the centre of food, textile and car industry.

Monuments / attractions, i.a.:

  • Ancient Xiangyang City, Ancient City Wall and Xiangyang City Moat;
  • Longzhong – an ancient residence of Zhuge Liang, an advisor of the Shu-Han emperor and chancellor of the Shu-Han state;
  • Migong Temple – a memorial temple to Mi Fu, a Chinese painter, poet, and calligrapher from the Song Dynasty period;
  • Lumen Temple – a temple built on the Lumen Hill during the Han Dynasty period.

Education / universities, i.a.:

  • Hubei University of Arts and Science – founded in 1905, the university offers 33 BA and 11 MA programmes. There are 11,000 full-time and 3,800 part-time students at the university. Website in Chinese:

Culture, i.a.:

  • Xiangyang Museum – it covers the area of 9,700 m2, including an exhibition hall of 3,200 m2 divided into five chronologically ordered sections: prehistoric Xiangyang; Xiangyang in the pre-Qin period; Xiangyang in Qin and Han period; Xiangyang in the Three Kingdoms, two Jin dynasties and the Northern and Southern Dynasties period; Xiangyang from the Sui and Tang Dynasties to the Ming and Qing Dynasties period. In total, there are 971 exhibits gathered in the museum.

Economy, i.a.:

  • large water energy resources and mineral deposits (rutile, ilmenite, phosphorus, barite, manganese, nitre, coal, iron, aluminium, gold, rock salt);
  • main industries: textile, car and food industry;
  • the seat of Dongfeng Motors, a Chinese automotive manufacturer;
  • the seat of the Birla Jingwei Fibres (a member of the Aditya Birla Group), chemical fibres producer.


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