Only in two cities in Poland can the Jagiellonians’ vision of Europe be shown with full authenticity and flavour. They are Cracow and Lublin. The period conventionally spanning between the coronation of Władysław Jagiełło in 1386 and the death of Sigismund II Augustus, the last male descendant of the dynasty, in 1572, was the time when the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was a European superpower. Owing to well-thought-out political arrangements, the Jagiellonians acquired the crown of Bohemia together with Silesia (1471), and of Hungary (1490), to grow into a commonwealth of states – Europa Jagiellonica – stretching over vast territories with an area of more than 2 million km², from the Baltic to the Black Sea and the Adriatic. The reign of the Jagiellonians in Poland, which lasted for almost 200 years, was the time of glory for the city. Its convenient location on the route between the two capitals, Vilnius and Cracow, made Lublin a strategic point for the country’s rulers and contributed to the development of trade. Grand fairs organised from the mid-15th century four times a year attracted merchants from all parts of Europe and Asia, turning Lublin into a multi-coloured mosaic of cultures, languages and religions. Many of Lublin’s architectural monuments also date back to that period. The Jagiellonian Fair organised annually for several years now, is an initiative that makes reference to Lublin’s golden age. As once used to be the case, the event held for a few days attracts traders, merchants and artists not only from Poland, but also from abroad. During the fair, the city is visited by up to several hundred tourists. In addition, the tourist organisation “Jagiellonian Trail” has been working to restore historic royal and trading routes on which Lublin is a major milestone.