The cemetery is situated on a high loess hill at the junction of Kalinowszczyzna and Sienna streets, which was originally a medieval fortified settlement. The monument from 1541 located on the grave of Jakub Kopelman is the oldest Jewish tombstone in Poland that is still in its original place. The cemetery is the resting place of many representatives of the Lublin qahal: rabbis, scholars and Jewish leaders such as J. I. Horowic - the Seer of Lublin (died in 1815), whose grave has the shape of ohel, i.e. a grating metal shield over a stone matzeva. Burials were carried out here until the 19th century. Each of the preserved matzevot is a kind of masterpiece of stonemasonry art. The cemetery was severely damaged in the 19th century by the troops stationed in a nearby Franciscan church. The cemetery was almost completely devastated during World War II. In 1939 there were several thousand gravestones in the cemetery, of which about two hundred have survived to this day. Preserved matzevot are often broken or have bullet holes. The acts of vandalism and the destruction of the cemetery also occurred in the 1980s and 1990s.